A Weird Imagination

Keeping web app data local

The problem#

Users don't tend to have a lot of control over their data in web apps. Most often, the data is stored on a server the user does not control—or, if they do control it, we're talking about self-hosting which is much more involved then just navigating to a web app in a browser. Alternatively, the data may be stored locally, but using various browser-specific mechanisms which make it difficult for the user to share, backup, or otherwise reason about the data the web app manipulates.

While desktop apps can replicate these problems, usually they store data in files either explicitly chosen by the user or in well-known locations.

The solution#

Files are a flexible interface to let users do whatever they want with their data, so let's use them for web apps, too.

To save a file to the user's computer, modified from this example:

function saveFile(filename, data, mimeType) {
  const element = document.createElement("a");
  const url = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([data],
                                  { type: mimeType }));
  element.setAttribute("href", url);
  element.setAttribute("download", filename);
// Save a JSON file:
  JSON.stringify({"Hello": "World!"}, null, 2),

(Consider using beforeunload if the user has unsaved changes to make sure they really do have their data in the file, and not just in the browser.)

To load a file from the user's computer:

function loadFile() {
  const element = document.createElement("input");
  element.type = "file";
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      () => resolve(element.files[0]));
      () => reject("User canceled."));
// loadFile() must be called from a real user click.
  async (e) => myLoadFunc(await loadFile()));

The details#

Read more…

Generate and download file in TypeScript

The goal#

Generate a file and offer it for download using only client-side JavaScript that is valid TypeScript.

The solution#

var fileContents = "Hello world!";
var filename = "hello.txt";
var filetype = "text/plain";

var a = document.createElement("a");
dataURI = "data:" + filetype +
    ";base64," + btoa(fileContents);
a.href = dataURI;
a['download'] = filename;
var e = document.createEvent("MouseEvents");
// Use of deprecated function to satisfy TypeScript.
e.initMouseEvent("click", true, false,
    document.defaultView, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    false, false, false, false, 0, null);

This code offers a download of a file named hello.txt with the Internet media type text/plain containing the string Hello world!.

Warning: This uses the deprecated initMouseEvent() as a workaround to this TypeScript bug. While presently functional in Chrome and Firefox, this code may stop working in future versions of those browsers.

Read more…