A Weird Imagination

Listing files into a file

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The problem

$ ls > file

doesn't do what you expect:

$ touch foo
$ touch bar
$ ls > filelist
$ cat filelist
bar
filelist
foo

You probably didn't expect, or want, filelist to be listed in filelist.

The solution

$ filelist=$(ls); echo "$filelist" >filelist

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Child process not in ps?

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A buggy program

Consider the following (contrived) program1 which starts a background process to create a file and then waits while the background process is still running before checking to see if the file exists:

#!/bin/sh

# Make sure file doesn't exist.
rm -f file

# Create file in a background process.
touch file &
# While there is a touch process running...
while ps -C "touch" > /dev/null
do
    # ... wait one second for it to complete.
    sleep 1
done
# Check if file was created.
if [ -f file ]
then
    echo "Of course it worked."
else
    echo "Huh? File wasn't created."
    # Wait for background tasks to complete.
    wait
    if [ -f file ]
    then
        echo "Now it's there!"
    else
        echo "File never created."
    fi
fi

# Clean up.
rm -f file

Naturally, it will always output "Of course it worked.", right? Run it in a terminal yourself to confirm this. But I claimed this program is buggy; there's more going on.

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